By Matthew Hodges, Director of City Outreach
On Martin Luther King Day, in Durham, North Carolina, I’ve been thinking about King’s “I Have a Dream” speech, mainly because we’ve all got dreams. Our church is Durham’s oldest, founded in 1845, and we continue to meet near downtown Durham. Of Durham’s 228,000+ residents as of the 2010 census, 42 percent are white, and 41 percent are African-American. And, my church has a dream for our church and surrounding community. A dream where the Good News of Jesus Christ crumbles down walls that would normally separate us one from another, a dream of FBC Durham growing more and more to resemble the multitude of saints in Revelation 7.
It’s our senior pastor’s dream also.
As I begin my sixth year as the Director of City Outreach, my soul has been encouraged often by the men and women referred to in Hebrews 11, and those like them who’ve followed. There are many things I could point to that God has used to strengthen my resolve as I help lead FBC Durham to minister to our surrounding urban context, but something Dr. Andy Davis recently preached in a sermon was huge for me.
1. Dr. Andy Davis’ Dream
On November 17, 2013, Dr. Davis preached a message from Galatians 2:11–21, which he titled, “The True Gospel Produces True Unity if Truly Followed.” And in his introduction, he made this tremendous statement:
“A few years ago, Martin Luther King said ‘I have a dream.’ Well, I have my own dream for First Baptist Church. I would love to see a supernatural unity happening in this church. I would like to see more people walking to church here, … people right from this community, who don’t need to drive, and have been reached by our city outreach ministry, and others who have come to faith in Christ and make First Baptist their church.”
This isn’t a new dream for Dr. Davis. It’s always been his dream. I’ve had the joy of talking with Dr. Davis on many occasions, and even before I came on staff as the Director of City Outreach, I’ve had the joy of hearing his heart on the subject: that our northeast downtown building not just be that—a building in the community—but that FBC Durham be a people, actively engaging the surrounding community with the gospel, and with other acts of grace.
For years, one of Dr. Davis’ go-to chapters for ministry in the urban context has been John 17. We’ve talked about several of the verses in that chapter numerous times. In John 17, we see Jesus praying for unity (not uniformity), as this supernatural unity would be a sign to the world that Jesus Christ had, in fact, come into the world (see vv 21, 23). What an amazing evangelistic strategy! Jesus, bringing people from all different walks of life and backgrounds together through the forgiveness of sins and faith in the gospel message, so that the world might know that God the Father has sent God the Son.
2. The People of the Dream
The local church composes the workers of this dream. Over the years, FBC Durham members have served in the urban context in a number of ways: health fairs, Jobs for Life, working in the Caring Center, kids clubs at Liberty Street Apartments, benevolence, and so on. Those are just some of the ways we’re seeking to make progress toward the goal of our dream. Whether you’re a member of FBC Durham or of another local church, as men and women who desire to be obedient to the Word of God in every area of life (even those areas that stretch us!), may we grow and work together to increasingly see evidences of the dream Dr. Davis proclaimed in his sermon in even greater ways this year.
3. The Goal of the Dream Will Not Come Easy
But keep in mind that the goal of this dream doesn’t come easy. Cross-cultural ministry isn’t easy in any context. FBC Durham’s population center is northeast central Durham. There, the population is 49 percent African-American, 27 percent white and 21 percent Hispanic—and that is quite different than the make-up of FBC’s congregation. The good news is that Jesus knows all about the make-up of our surrounding community. He knows everyone! He knows their temperaments, interests, life experiences, joys and challenges. Jesus knows just as well that cross-cultural ministry is a challenge because the world’s disunity is due to sin. And, he knows that cross-cultural servants often have their own fears to overcome, their own comfort zones to breach. He knows that the dream of our senior pastor will not magically become our new reality overnight.
4. By the Lord’s Help, We Can Make Progress
But you know, on this day, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is remembered, not because his dream has fully met its goal (it hasn’t; there is still work to be done), but because of the major impact he had on a movement in our nation to grow to see all men seen as equal, and treated as equal. Similarly, I hope this day will encourage people like you and me to embrace the dream of our pastor, Dr. Davis—to see men and women from the surrounding community join with us in the journey of the Christian life as family, walking to First Baptist Church because they’re members, not just visitors. It won’t be easy, but thankfully God is with us. May obedience to the Great Commission—even if in small steps—be accomplished this year by going, declaring the gospel (Matt 28:18–20), and showing the gospel (John 17:20–26).
By Kevin Schaub
Hey there, readers. We wanted to take a brief moment to remind those of you who are members or otherwise attend services at FBC Durham that our new service times start this Sunday, January 19. We hope to see you for Bible for Life (BFL), which starts at 9:15am. Come early and grab a cup of coffee in the Welcome Center (that will help you wake up!); our new worship service time is 10:30am.
As a reminder, if you’re scheduled to serve in the nursery during the worship service, please be sure to come and relieve the BFL-hour volunteers as soon as BFL is over. Otherwise, we hope you’ll take advantage of the gap between BFL and the worship time to grab (another) cup of coffee, chat with friends, and get to know someone new.
See you Sunday!
By Kevin Schaub
FBC Durham’s senior pastor, Andy Davis, has written a book on the doctrine of sanctification, and we’re excited to announce that it is now available for order. An Infinite Journey: Growing toward Christlikeness (Ambassador International, 2014) is an accessible yet extensive treatment of sanctification, written with pastoral care and clarity. It’s our hope Andy’s book will bless the church, glorify God, and help each reader on their two infinite journeys.
To whet your appetite for Andy’s book, here are a couple of blurbs:
“Rarely have I read such a book on sanctification that is simultaneously serious and fresh, at once reflective and accessible. Andy Davis combines analytical astuteness with pastoral passion. Those who think of themselves as Christians but who have no desire to grow in holiness need this book; Christians who want to be increasingly conformed to Christ will cherish this book.” – D.A. Carson
“Besides the Bible, it would be difficult to find any other single resource with more biblically sound, theologically rich, pastorally helpful, and practical insight about Christian growth than this book. Moreover, it’s not just a book about progress in Christlikeness, for I know Andy Davis and I can affirm that there’s a life of growth in grace behind the book. I recommend it to anyone on the Infinite Journey.” – Don Whitney
Also, you should check out Tim Challies’ review (January 7) of An Infinite Journey here.
To order a copy of An Infinite Journey: Growing toward Christlikeness from Amazon.com, click here. The book is available both in print and digital formats. You can also pick up your copy at FBC Durham if you’re close by, or feel free to contact our church office.
Image credit: Ambassador International.
By Kevin Schaub
In a few days, there will be an enormous missions conference for students in Louisville, Kentucky. We’re excited about CROSSCon for many reasons. Students have a passion and love for missions, and CROSS will be a terrific momentum builder and doctrinal trainer for many would-be missionaries. We’re also excited about the wide breadth of topics that will be addressed, from expositions of key biblical texts to missions history, and the church and missions.
In addition to the plenary speakers, there will be many breakout sessions, and Andy Davis has been tasked to tackle the important topic of mercy ministry. If you would like to download and read over his outline prior to the conference, click on this link. After the conference is over and once the audio of the breakout sessions are made available, we’ll link to that as well.
Image credit: CROSSCon.
By Kevin Schaub
I’ve never been to Detroit, so I don’t know for sure whether the comparisons I’m about to make will be able to stand. Since this isn’t a post about Detroit, but instead one about Durham and ministry in the urban context, it’s not necessary that I be nuanced on Detroit. So if you’re a Detroiter, please bear with me.
1. Durham’s Urban History
Detroit is a city with a complicated history. It’s a city once built on the shoulders of the auto industry, now reinvented as an entertainment hub. It’s an important American city, but it has its well-documented problems: crime, social tensions, urban decay, and bankruptcy.
In a similar way, Durham is a city with a complicated history. It’s a city once built on the shoulders of the tobacco industry, now reinvented as a city of research and medicine (which is kind of ironic when you think about it). Durham is mostly a liberal city, and one which is haunted by its Southern, sometimes racial past. Of course, Durham is smaller (and less influential) than Detroit will ever be (at least I should think so). But like Detroit, Durham’s once vibrant urban center decayed once the tobacco industry left the city. Durham’s suburban areas flourished, however, north, west, and south of the city center. Those without financial mobility to move with the (mostly white) suburban middle class remained in the urban center, while many of the once-urban jobs left the city to follow the money. The sad result was the city’s lower class (mostly urban, poor African Americans) was left behind, in many ways without hope.
2. The New Urban Context
There is yet another comparison to be made with Detroit. Motown’s present-day reputation isn’t flattering. Outsiders hear of the city’s crime rates, distressed urban districts, and the city’s inability to pay its bills, and many conclude the city is too messed up to turn around. Marchland and Meffre’s “Ruins of Detroit” photo-art has immortalized Detroit as a city lost to decay, but if you ask Detroiters, they will tell you those images don’t tell Detroit’s whole story. Detroit’s downtown, midtown, and New Center areas have all been revitalized, so the money and middle class of Detroit don’t necessarily live just in the suburbs anymore.
Similarly, Durham’s present-day reputation, at least according to outsiders, isn’t always flattering. They hear Durham is crime-ridden, scary, racial, too messed up to be turned around. However, Durham residents know better. Just as “Ruins of Detroit” doesn’t tell Detroit’s whole story, neither does the “Welcome to Durham, USA” documentary tell Durham’s whole story. Revitalization has come to Durham’s downtown and nearby tobacco districts. Once near empty of businesses, downtown Durham is now vibrant and full of life. It’s trendy, it’s cool. The food is delicious; the entertainment is top-notch. With the downtown revitalization has come its money and community, which makes it all sustainable.
In other words, the urban landscape isn’t the same in Durham as it was in the 70’s. Ministry in the urban context—at least in a broader sense—isn’t just ministry in poor, distressed neighborhoods. With the revitalization of downtown Durham has come its people: middle class, mostly white, liberal, entrepreneurial, independent, mostly unreached people who love Durham, who love this city—at least in their own way.
However, still across the street from revitalization in Durham—sometimes literally—are the low-income apartment communities and homes, where life is hard, sometimes hopeless, often crime-ridden, where real people created in God’s image live day in and day out, just as much in need of the gospel as the new downtowners. The urban poor have been here through it all.
3. Ministry in the New Urban Context
Ministry in the new urban context isn’t monolithic, if one could say it ever was.
FBC Durham stayed in downtown Durham; we never left. Most of our members live in suburban areas, and commute in for services and local ministry. I don’t know all the reasons why our church became a commuter church, but it’s safe to conclude there have been family, social, financial, and cultural reasons for it. I live about 15 minutes from downtown Durham, so in Durham terms, I technically live in the suburbs. I’m a northwest Texas transplant to the area, so I’ve never been urban. Suffice it to say that I don’t want non-urban Christians to feel bad over where they live.
With that said, for churches in urban areas, it is vital to their Christian witness to have a heart for ministry in the urban context, and therefore essential that those churches be careful to pray for, and train for cross-cultural ministry. Urban cultures aren’t the same as rural, suburban cultures. White, middle class, urban culture isn’t the same as African American, urban poor culture.
In my mind, though, an urban church should have a missional heart toward all of its urban communities. This is what it means for a church to be a good steward of its geography (where its members meet), not for the sake of its historic property, but for the sake of the community that walks passed and lives near that historic property, and hears stories about the people who meet there.
In recent years, the hearts of the church members of FBC Durham have been moved afresh toward a love for Durham’s urban communities. Because it’s not monolithic ministry, because it’s often cross-cultural ministry, and because it’s hard ministry, ministry in the urban context needs to be a whole-church ministry. In other words, it can’t just be for a few. There are many ways in which a whole church can join in urban ministry, and it’s not all rocket science. For example, an urban church’s services should feel safe, not socially uncomfortable for visitors from the urban community. This doesn’t just happen. Church members have to work on it, and be intentional about it. Training is necessary.
As I conclude my thoughts, let me say this: cross-cultural ministry is difficult, but it’s not impossible. Left to our own resources and skills, it would be impossible. However, we as Christians shouldn’t rely on our own resources anyway. Instead, we should rely on our sovereign God, who is able to accomplish all he purposes to come to pass. It is our confidence in God and the gospel of Jesus Christ and obedience to his commands that should lead us into faithful and sustained ministry in the new urban context. After all, only the gospel addresses the greatest needs of all of the people of the world, no matter their culture or social background.
By Kevin Schaub with Matthew Hodges
Durham has become known for its urban revitalization, its artisan restaurants, and its complicated history. First Baptist Church is the oldest church in Durham, established in 1845, and it certainly has its own contribution to Durham’s history. In recent years, God has been at work in the hearts of FBC Durham’s church membership to unite us under sound doctrine, to help us on the road of sanctification, and to usher us into city outreach ministry.
The task is a difficult one. In fact, left to our own resources and wisdom, FBC Durham cannot serve well in the urban context. God is sovereign, he’s on mission, and it’s his mission to accomplish. Thankfully, he purposes to use weak vessels to advance his missionary task. For years now, it’s been on the heart of Matthew Hodges and the city outreach ministry team to help our church body and other area churches be equipped to minister cross-culturally in the urban context, and recently Matthew led our church to host a one-day conference on discipleship in the urban context, simply called City Outreach Conference.
Because we believe we’re not in this cross-cultural ministry alone, but instead desire others to join with us in outreach in the urban context, we wanted to make the audio from the conference available online to you. I went to the conference, and personally, I thought it was the most helpful, informative one-day conference I’ve ever been to. Before leaving the conference, one attendee remarked, “I learned that I need to do theology in the urban context.” Another, following Dr. Carl Ellis’ first session, exclaimed, “He made the Old Testament come alive!”
We were blown away. We had visitors to the conference from all over the state of North Carolina, and several area colleges and seminaries were represented. As I said earlier, the theme of the conference was discipleship in the urban context. The speakers for the conference were Dr. Carl Ellis, Jr. (author of Saving our Sons: Confronting the Lure of Islam with Truth, Faith and Courage and Free at Last?: The Gospel in the African American Experience) and Darrick Smith (NCCU College Director of Summit Church). Their talks were both informative and challenging, giving a clear picture of the challenges, culture, and history that has shaped the urban context.
The audio is linked below. We hope you’ll listen, apply what you learn, and depend on the Lord as you join with us to labor for Christ in the urban context.
- Session 1, Carl Ellis, Jr.: “Discipleship in the Urban Context: Discipling Men”
- Session 2, Darrick Smith: “The Role of Grace and Mercy in Discipleship”
- Session 3, Carl Ellis, Jr.: “The Gospel in the African American Experience”
- Sunday Morning Sermon, Carl Ellis, Jr.: “Fix Me: Jeremiah 18:1–12″
By Andrew Davis, Senior Pastor
Romans 14 is one of the most amazing chapters in the New Testament for its balance, its subtle handling of potentially conflicting themes. Not too long ago in a sermon, I spoke of the Great Blondin, the nineteenth century acrobat who perfected walking on a tightrope across the thundering Niagara Falls. His sense of balance was so pronounced he could perform a somersault or push a wheelbarrow or sit down 160 feet above the falls and make an omelet.
The Apostle Paul shows an even more pronounced sense of balance in this remarkable chapter.
Paul is dealing with “debatable issues,” matters left to our discretion in Christian freedom. The church at Rome was a mixed church, comprised of Jews and Gentiles. Some Jews had a hard time letting go of their previous way of life in Judaism, clinging to dietary restrictions and the observance of special religious days (perhaps the Sabbath) when these things had been fulfilled in Christ and were a shadow of the reality that is found in Christ.
Paul’s deepest concern is that the church of Jesus Christ be a powerfully united weapons for the advance of Christ’s Kingdom and the salvation of souls. A fractured, divided, bickering church would soon crumble and be useless for the gospel, useless for the conversion of Roman pagans in the capital city of the Roman Empire.
So Paul seeks to address three seemingly conflicting themes:
- Gospel Freedom
- Gospel Purity
- Gospel Unity
Gospel Freedom is at stake because Paul wants the Roman Christians (both Jew and Gentile) to understand salvation by grace alone through faith in Christ alone, and not by works of the law. He wants these Christians to act like sons and daughters of the King, not slaves under a stern taskmaster. When Jesus declared all foods clean, He settled the matter. When Jesus’ shed His blood on the cross, he proved the inadequacy of the way of the legalist. Paul is deeply concerned that the Roman Christians live as free men and women. Connected with this, he wants to squash the censorious bickering legalism that has not comprehended the gospel of God’s grace. This spirit imbued the legalistic Judaizers that Paul fought in Galatians.
Gospel Purity: On the other hand, Paul wants to be sure the Christians understand the grave danger of sin, and do nothing that will lead themselves to violate their own consciences, or lead others to do the same. So Paul urges a constant vigilance over our own hearts, lest we do anything that is not from faith, “because anything that does not come from faith is sin” (Rom 14:23).
Gospel Unity: Finally, Paul is very concerned that Christians watch over one another in brotherly love, and that we take responsibility not only for our own consciences but also for those of our brothers and sisters in Christ. We are to care deeply about how our actions and freedoms are affecting others in the church. Unity in the Gospel is Paul’s deepest concern, and he proves it by calling on people to be willing to surrender freedoms rather than hurt another Christian.
As Paul is laboring for balance between these three theme in the church at Rome, so I desire to see that same balance here. I want a church that rejected legalism without veering over into lawless license, and yet one in which we are deeply concerned about other church members in their walks with Christ. As we face the onslaught of increasingly pagan America, it is vital we handle these three themes with the balance the Great Blondin showed across the Niagara Falls.
By Andrew Davis, Senior Pastor
“A Canaanite woman from that vicinity came to him, crying out, ‘Lord, Son of David, have mercy on me! My daughter is suffering terribly from demon-possession.’ Jesus did not answer a word” (Matt 15:22–23).
It can be severely trying and highly perplexing to us to cry out to Christ in prayer for something, and to have Him seemingly pass by without saying a word. Unanswered prayer is one of the hardest tests of faith. In the account cited above, a Canaanite woman followed Christ crying out for Him to heal her daughter. But Jesus did not answer a word. How striking is this! How shocking, really. Yet, how true also to our own experience. Most of our prayers go unanswered, at least at the moment we speak them. We get no “angel visitant, no opening skies,” and we rise from our prayer time with no sensory evidence that our prayers got any further than the ceiling when we uttered them. Faith alone enables us to walk away from the hour of prayer confident that God has heard. Yet, we are urged to persist, to persevere, to “always pray, and never give up” (Luke 18:1). That means we are to keep asking until God answers! And how frequently does He makes us wait!
In 1639, the great Puritan pastor Richard Sibbes published a sermon entitled “A Breathing After God,” subtitled “A Christian’s Desire of God’s Presence.” In that message, which he based on the text “As a deer pants for the water, so my soul pants after you” (Ps 42:1), Sibbes took up the issue of why God makes us wait in prayer. He discerned five reasons:
1. God loves to hear the desires of His servants. God enjoys being pursued, being sued unto, because He knows it is for our good and His glory. If He were to give us what we want immediately, we would spend less time asking for it.
2. God desires to keep us in a perpetual humble subjection and dependence on Him. Our hearts are prone to independence and self-reliance. God yields to our requests little by little to keep us in humble dependence on Him. If God immediately granted to us anything we ask, we would grow pompous toward Him, forgetting who is the Master and who the servant!
3. God seeks to exercise all our spiritual graces, for a spirit of prayer is a spirit of the exercise of all grace. We cannot pray but that we exercise faith toward God, love for His church, sanctified wisdom to discern what are the best things to be prayed for, and the mortification of the fleshly desires that take us from God. All these graces grow stronger the longer we pray. Sibbes also said that the spirit of prayer itself is usually better in God’s sight than whatever we’re asking for!
4. God also would have us set an ever higher value on what we are asking for. The longer we ask for something the greater we desire it. God finds our desires too weak, and His delay in answering our prayers helps us value it properly and to be filled with incredible joy when it is finally granted.
5. God instructs us during the delay, so that we might better use what we are asking for when we get it. Without the delay, we would not have time or cause to think how the matter fits into God’s overall plan for the world.
In 1854, George Croly wrote the classic hymn, “Spirit of God, Descend Upon My Heart.” In the fourth stanza, he wrote, “Teach me to feel that Thou art always nigh; Teach me the struggles of the soul to bear. To check the rising doubt, the rebel sigh, Teach me the patience of unanswered prayer.” In our modern Baptist hymnal, some editor thought it would be best to change the final line to “Teach me the patience of unceasing prayer.” Croly’s original is far better! God has enrolled us in the school of unanswered prayer that we may grow in Christ. Do not murmur under this discipline, but pray all the more!
By Andrew Davis, Senior Pastor
I love to read the Puritans, and few books have had a more practical effect on my Christian life than John Owen’s little book, On the Mortification of Sin in Believers. That doesn’t mean that Owen is easy to read—he’s not. But his rich thought on the importance of Christians battling with their sin is worth the work it takes to understand his style.
We’re commanded in Scripture to holiness. “You shall be holy, for I am holy” (1 Pet 1:16; Lev 11:44, 19:2). It should be our desire as Christians to grow in holiness, and for this reason, there are few battles more bitterly fought than the battle with indwelling sin. It is absolutely essential to our Christian joy and fruitfulness that we be about putting sin to death; and even more significantly, it is absolutely essential for us to put sin to death if we are going to glorify God in this life.
So, back to Owen. When I preached on Colossians 3:5–9 in 2007, I gave a list of twelve practical insights on the mortification of sin from Owen, and I have found that list to be helpful in my own life and the lives of others in our church body. Below is that list with a few brief comments:
1. Believe in Christ and repent of your sins. The fight against sin is a fight for Christians. Non-Christians can’t fight this battle, and trying to do so might cause one to misunderstand salvation—that salvation can someone be earned by works.
2. Determine to fight this vicious battle daily. Owen: “There is not a day but sin foils or is foiled, prevails or is prevailed upon; and it will be whilst we live in the world.”
3. Rely on the Holy Spirit, not your own ability or strength. It’s clear according to Romans 8:13 that it is only “by the Spirit” that we can put sin to death. The Spirit equips us for this battle, leads us to the battle, and empowers us to kill sin at the moment of temptation.
4. Be cross-centered. The cross has power to make the world look as spiritually dead as it really is. Sin cannot be killed all at one; rather it is crucified and bleeds to death over the remainder of your life. Fertile meditation on Christ’s blood shed on the cross has permanent sin-killing power.
5. Understand what mortification is—and what it’s not. It is a habitual weakening of sin’s root, as how a victim dies on the cross—gradually, slowly losing power. It is a constant fighting against all indwelling sin with no rest—both offensive and defensive. Offensive by doing what most frustrates sin; defensive by preparing for sin’s sudden lunges at us. It is not to kill a particular sin completely, for that is impossible in this life. It is not to allow sin to conceal itself and then reappear in a different guise.
6. Resolve to fight sin on all fronts. Learn to hate sin—all sin, any sin, sin itself—as the vile virus of evil that it is. Learn to see sin in the light of the glory of God and what an affront it is to him.
7. Study the lusts that are attacking you: Learn to discern particularly dangerous lusts or sin habits that trouble you. Study how those sin habits gain control over you when they do, then ask God for help in doing battle.
8. Labor on your heart. Increase a sense of the shame you will feel on judgment day in giving Christ an account. Increase a sense of the vileness of sin and of its sheer ugliness. See it in light of eternity. Get a constant longing and breathing after freedom from this sin.
9. Crush sin early in the battle. Fight hard against the first risings of temptation in your heart.
10. Deal thoroughly with sin in confession and repentance. When the Spirit convicts you of sin, do you feel the pain and deal with the cause, or do you block it with painkillers? Don’t be too quick in confession. Pause and hear the Spirit speaking his grief into your spiritual ears.
11. Be filled with the Spirit and all of his graces. The Spirit fights sin mostly by making righteousness and holiness so beautifully attractive. The fruit of the Spirit flow from a heart filled with the Spirit. Be filled with the Spirit and sin will appear more and more repulsive to you.
12. Be optimistic in Christ: Owen: “Christ’s blood is the great sovereign remedy for sin-sick souls. Live in this and you will die a conqueror; yes, you will, through the good providence of God, live to see your lust dead at your feet!”